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Aerodynamics of Linearly Arranged Rad-Rad Swirlers, Effect of Number of Swirlers and Alignment

[+] Author Affiliations
Yi-Huan Kao, Samir B. Tambe, San-Mou Jeng

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. GT2013-94280, pp. V01AT04A012; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


A series of experiments have been conducted to study the aerodynamic characteristics of a confined swirling flow generated by multiple rad-rad swirlers arranged linearly. The rad-rad swirlers used in this study are identical, and consist of an inner, primary swirler generating counter-clockwise rotation and an outer, secondary swirler generating clockwise rotation. A two-component Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) system was employed to measure the velocity in the flow field. Initial measurements were conducted on unconfined and confined flow generated by a single swirler to serve as the baseline reference for the multi-swirler arrangements. Tests were conducted for 3 and 5 swirlers arranged in a line, with a spacing of 2D between the swirler centers, where D is the swirler exit diameter. An additional 5 swirler configuration was tested, where the exit plane of the center swirler was shifted 3.2 mm (1/8 inch) in the streamwise direction.

The flow field generated by the multi-swirler arrangement is very complex, due to the interaction between the swirling jets of adjacent swirlers. The number of swirlers is seen to have a clear impact on the entire flow structure, as well as each recirculation zone. For the 3 swirler arrangement, a weak CTRZ is observed for the center swirler, whereas strong CTRZs are observed for the two outer swirlers. For the 5 swirler arrangement, the CTRZ pattern for the 3 inner swirlers is the same strong-weak-strong as seen for the 3 swirler arrangements, with weak CTRZs observed for the two outer swirlers. Higher interaction between swirlers is observed for the 5 swirler arrangement, as compared to the case with 3 swirlers. Since the swirlers are identical, the region between swirlers features merging of two opposing swirling jets, producing high turbulence intensity in the near field region.

For the case with the offset center swirler, the swirling jet from this swirler did not merge with its neighbors in the near field region. This resulted in strong CTRZ for the center swirler, accompanied by weaker CTRZs at its immediate neighbors, which is reverse of the CTRZ strength pattern observed for the initial 5 swirler arrangement.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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