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Development and Application of a Transported PDF Method on Unstructured Three-Dimensional Grids for the Prediction of Nitric Oxides

[+] Author Affiliations
Andreas Fiolitakis, Peter Ess, Manfred Aigner

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany

Peter Gerlinger

University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-94121, pp. V01AT04A004; 14 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1A: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5510-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The present work explores the capability of the transported PDF (probability density function) method to predict nitric oxide (NO) formation in turbulent combustion. To this end a hybrid finite-volume/Lagrangian Monte-Carlo method is implemented into the THETA code of the German Aerospace Center (DLR). In this hybrid approach the transported PDF method governs the evolution of the thermochemical variables, whereas the flow field evolution is computed with a RANS (Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes) method. The method is used to compute a turbulent hydrogen-air flame and a methane-air flame and computational results are compared to experimental data. In order to assess the advantages of the transported PDF method, the flame computations are repeated with the “laminar chemistry” approach as well as with an “assumed PDF” method, which are both computationally cheaper. The present study reveals that the transported PDF method provides the highest accuracy in predicting the overall flame structure and nitric oxide formation.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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