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Licensing Challenges for New Countries Entering a Nuclear Power Program

[+] Author Affiliations
N. K. Popov

McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Paper No. ICONE20-POWER2012-55244, pp. 231-240; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE20-POWER2012-55244
From:
  • 2012 20th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering and the ASME 2012 Power Conference
  • Volume 4: Codes, Standards, Licensing, and Regulatory Issues; Fuel Cycle, Radioactive Waste Management and Decommissioning; Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Coupled Codes; Instrumentation and Controls; Fuels and Combustion, Materials Handling, Emissions; Advanced Energy Systems and Renewables (Wind, Solar, Geothermal); Performance Testing and Performance Test Codes
  • Anaheim, California, USA, July 30–August 3, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division, Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4498-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Over the past number of decades, nuclear energy has been developed as a proven, reliable and economical energy supply, capable of meeting demanding energy market requirements. Many countries around the world have developed nuclear power programs, and many currently consider entering into new nuclear power programs to build new power reactors in order to satisfy their increasing current and future electrical energy needs.

A nuclear power program is a major and long-term undertaking, requiring careful planning, preparation, and human resources for building an adequate nuclear infrastructure. Making a national decision to enter a new nuclear program requires full government support and understanding of the consequences and requirements.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) provides technical and financial assistance, expert knowledge, and regulatory documents that are important for countries facing the challenge of entering nuclear programs for the first time. The IAEA organizes technical courses and information exchange meetings for new countries during which experiences and lessons learned are provided and shared. Additionally, a number of documents have been issued by IAEA that describe the processes to be followed, the rules that need to be respected, and other fundamental information that local governments need to understand to properly conduct the process of making a decision.

The paper explains the decision making process for entering into a new nuclear power program and building the required infrastructure, as described by applicable IAEA documents, and also shows selected recent experience by countries that have, or are still going through this process.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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