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The TLCD Passive Control: Numerical Investigations vs. Experimental Results

[+] Author Affiliations
Alberto Di Matteo, Antonina Pirrotta

University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy

Francesco Lo Iacono, Giacomo Navarra

University of Enna “Kore”, Enna, Italy

Paper No. IMECE2012-86568, pp. 1283-1290; 8 pages
  • ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Dynamics, Control and Uncertainty, Parts A and B
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 9–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4520-2
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


Very recently the tuned liquid column damper (TLCD) is receiving an increasing interest from researchers concerned with vibration control, to be considered an alternative device with respect to the tuned mass damper (TMD), since the former has low cost, easy adjustment, flexible installation.

However, in recent studies the authors [1] have pointed out that for TMD the analytical formulation provides results that are in good agreement with the experimental ones, while for TLCD it has been deducted that the analytical formulation needs further investigation.

In fact using the classical formulation of the problem, numerical results are very different from the experimental results obtained by the authors using the facilities at the experimental dynamic laboratory of University of Palermo.

In particular it has been shown that the total liquid length should be corrected in an effective one, but in a different way from what has been done in literature, where only the variation of section of the vessel has been taken into account. On the other hand, from experimental investigations it is seen that the liquid moves more in the central area of the tube and less in the area in contact with the side walls. This aspect plays a fundamental role for capturing the real performance of TLCD. In fact, being the TLCD a special type of auxiliary damping device which relies on the inertia of liquid column in a U-tube to counteract the forces acting on the structure, then it is necessary to identify the effective moving liquid mass. To aim at this, in this paper the authors differentiate the total liquid mass into a liquid dead mass and a liquid dynamic mass, then introducing these values into a properly modified mathematical formulation numerical results match the experimental ones for all tests.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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