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Aerodynamic and Electromagnetic Analysis of a Variable Electromotive-Force Generator for a Wind Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
N. Goudarzi, W. D. Zhu, R. Bowers

University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD

Paper No. IMECE2012-86363, pp. 1215-1228; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2012-86363
From:
  • ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Dynamics, Control and Uncertainty, Parts A and B
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 9–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4520-2
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

A question that usually arises is whether an existing wind turbine with a specified rotor can be modified to expand its operational range and improve the power generation. There are various methods to achieve this goal and one of them can be a modified generator referred to as a variable electromotive-force generator (VEG), where the overlap between the rotor and the stator is made to be adjustable. In this work the possibility of harnessing more wind power via a VEG in areas with large changes in the wind speed from very low to high values throughout a year is investigated theoretically. Aerodynamic and mathematical techniques are used to estimate the generated power of a wind turbine in the low wind speed region, and a combination of electromagnetic and aerodynamics principles are employed to obtain the mathematical model of the VEG with an adjustable overlap between the rotor and the stator. The Neg-Micon wind turbine (NM-72) specifications for a certain site in Thailand are used for the numerical analysis. The results show the possibility of expanding the operational range and increasing the power generation of the studied wind turbine.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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