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System Dynamic Modeling of Vapor Compression Cycles

[+] Author Affiliations
Eric S. Miller, Soumya S. Patnaik

Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

Milind A. Jog

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. IMECE2012-86928, pp. 27-35; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2012-86928
From:
  • ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 9–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4517-2

abstract

Vapor Compression cycle Systems (VCSs) are being considered for thermal management aboard modern aircraft where dynamic changes in heat loads are very common. Predicting dynamic behavior of VCSs is critical to design, sizing, and control of aircraft thermal management systems. A novel Lagrangian method to model the dynamic behavior of VCSs has been developed. This approach divides each fluid flow into a large number of elements having fixed mass, but variable volume and position. At discrete time steps, heat transferred to or from each mass element is determined by component models. This paper gives simulation results showing system startup under PID feedback control. Then, from steady state, the system response to an increase in heat load, an increase in sink availability, a decrease in valve throttle and an increase in compressor speed are simulated and the results reported. Results indicate that the Lagrangian method can provide results for a wide range of cases and that VCC systems require extensive control to meet performance objectives.

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