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Design Optimization of a Partial Admitted Supersonic Turbine Using Genetic Algorithm and 3D Numerical Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Aghaei Tog, A. M. Tousi, M. Boroomand

Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2012-86007, pp. 15-26; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2012-86007
From:
  • ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Houston, Texas, USA, November 9–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4517-2
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

In some feeding systems, the supersonic impulse turbines are used when the fluid mass flow is low in order to achieve high specific work. To prevent losses due to low blade aspect ratio and issues related to manufacturing and industrial problems, the turbine is used in partial admission conditions. Studies show that the turbine efficiency is highly dependent on the amount of partial admission coefficient. The turbine efficiency in full admission is high, but the use of partial admission lowers the additional losses. Therefore, there will be a percentage of partial admission in which the turbine will have the highest efficiency. The aim of this work is to achieve the optimum partial admission for a special impulse turbine as a case study. Therefore, in the beginning, an appropriate model of losses is presented. Then, using a nonlinear design optimization code, the partial admission of an impulse supersonic turbine is optimized. This code is written using a genetic algorithm. Then, using three-dimensional numerical analysis, the optimal model will be selected. In the optimization problem, the turbine efficiency is the objective function. The amount of design parameters and constraints used in this process are ten and eight, respectively.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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