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Design Method for Buckling Amplified Piezoelectric Actuator Using Flexure Joint and its Application to an Energy Efficient Brake System

[+] Author Affiliations
Shinichiro Tsukahara, James Torres, Devin Neal, H. Harry Asada

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Paper No. DSCC2012-MOVIC2012-8711, pp. 95-102; 8 pages
  • ASME 2012 5th Annual Dynamic Systems and Control Conference joint with the JSME 2012 11th Motion and Vibration Conference
  • Volume 2: Legged Locomotion; Mechatronic Systems; Mechatronics; Mechatronics for Aquatic Environments; MEMS Control; Model Predictive Control; Modeling and Model-Based Control of Advanced IC Engines; Modeling and Simulation; Multi-Agent and Cooperative Systems; Musculoskeletal Dynamic Systems; Nano Systems; Nonlinear Systems; Nonlinear Systems and Control; Optimal Control; Pattern Recognition and Intelligent Systems; Power and Renewable Energy Systems; Powertrain Systems
  • Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA, October 17–19, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4530-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


This paper shows a practical design method for a displacement amplification mechanism for a piezoelectric actuator which employs a buckling-like phenomenon. This mechanical singularity realizes a substantial displacement magnification, at least 50 times, within a simple structure. An SMA preload mechanism essentially provides potential for full range push-pull actuation to the piezoelectric actuator. This integrated actuator performs a high energy transfer ratio and is suitable for brake mechanisms due to their requirement of high force, specific displacement and energy efficiency. A practical design method is shown and is evaluated by comparing the analytical model with finite element analysis and experimental hardware performance. The actuator properties obtained by these methods fit well each other with errors less than 13%.

The experimental actuators are applied to a brake for a commercial motor and its properties are evaluated. The brake can produce more than 2.5Nm in the displacement range of 0.5mm. These experimental results suggest that this novel piezoelectric actuator has potential for use in a wide range of applications.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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