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DC Motor Energetics in Redundant Manipulators With Application to Walking Robots

[+] Author Affiliations
Dustyn P. Roberts, Joo H. Kim

Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, NY

Paper No. DETC2012-71365, pp. 927-934; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2012-71365
From:
  • ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 36th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 12–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4503-5
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Understanding electrical energy consumption in a robotic system leads to the ability to minimize energy consumption for a given task. This is particularly important for mobile robots and redundant manipulators where extended operating times and non-optimized movement patterns lead to increased operating costs. However, current research shows conflicting formulas for predicting energy consumption in robotic joints driven by DC motors, specifically when negative work is involved. A breakdown of energy consumption for DC motors is introduced with respect to different operating states and phases of positive and negative work. Additionally, the energy consumption of a two degree of freedom manipulator is simulated and verified experimentally. The same task — lowering the manipulator from point a to b in a vertical line — is completed in both elbow up and elbow down configurations to illustrate the difference in energy consumption during a task that consists of mostly negative work. Finally, this energy expenditure equation is extended to a multi degree of freedom simulated humanoid robot to demonstrate validity and generality.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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