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Constraint and Singularity Analysis of the Exechon Tripod

[+] Author Affiliations
Dimiter Zlatanov, Matteo Zoppi, Rezia Molfino

University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Paper No. DETC2012-71184, pp. 679-688; 10 pages
  • ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 36th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 12–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4503-5
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


The paper discusses mobility and singularities of the Exechon three-degree-of-freedom (dof) parallel mechanism (PM) on which a family of parallel kinematic machines is based. Exechon designs are used by a number of machine-tool makers. A new version of the manipulator has been developed as a component of a mobile self-reconfigurable fixture system within an inter-European project. The PM has two UPR (4-dof) legs, constrained to move in a common rotating plane, and an SPR (5-dof) leg. The paper focuses on the constraint and singularity analysis of the mechanism. The screw systems of end-effector freedoms and constraints are identified. The singular configurations are classified in detail and their geometric interpretation is discussed. The velocity kinematics and the Jacobian operator are formulated via a screw-system approach. A fully parameterized package of Maple tools has been developed and used to visualize singularities and their consequences.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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