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Brain Activation Analysis of Voluntary Movement and Passive Movement Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

[+] Author Affiliations
Keiichi Watanuki, Kenta Hirayama, Kazunori Kaede

Saitama University, Saitama, Saitama, Japan

Paper No. DETC2012-71273, pp. 703-708; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2012-71273
From:
  • ASME 2012 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 32nd Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 12–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4501-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

During neural activity in the brain, humans transmit and process information and decide upon actions or responses. When neural activity occurs, blood flow and blood quantity increase in the tissue near the active neurons, and the ratio of oxygenated to deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood changes. In this paper, we used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to determine the state of hemoglobin oxygenation at the cerebral surface and on that basis performed real-time color mapping of brain activity (the brain activation response) in the target regions. In this paper, we describe measurements of brain activation using NIRS so as to clarify any differences between conscious and unconscious movement. Bio-locomotion is divided into voluntary movements, which are made voluntarily and consciously, and passive movements, which are made passively and unconsciously. Accordingly, in this paper we investigate the brain activation associated with these two types of movements. The subject successively moves his/her lower legs through knee bends. We measure the brain activities while the subject, who is sitting on a chair moves back and forth. In addition, we carry out an experiment on the effects of the existence or nonexistence of movement caused by vibration on brain activities to consider the results.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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