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Identification and Modeling of Variability in Fabrics Used as Reinforcement in Polymer Composites: Influence on Transport and Mechanical Properties

[+] Author Affiliations
Christophe Binetruy, Sébastien Comas-Cardona

Ecole Centrale de Nantes, Nantes, France

Fan Zhang

Ecole des Mines de Douai, Douai, France

Paper No. ESDA2012-82581, pp. 63-67; 5 pages
  • ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis
  • Volume 3: Advanced Composite Materials and Processing; Robotics; Information Management and PLM; Design Engineering
  • Nantes, France, July 2–4, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4486-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


Variability in fiber architecture and content introduces randomness in transport and mechanical properties of textile reinforcements and composites. Assessment of robustness of both manufacturing processes and composite parts require to link fabric variability to dominant properties. Irregular injection flow patterns or defects in the final products often occur due to the high variability in the fibrous media. Therefore, manufacturing robustness and part reliability have to be studied to avoid trial and error procedures. This study focuses on spatial variability in the fiber volume fraction and architecture and their influence on permeability of fiber reinforcements and mechanical performance of textile composite, relating these important properties to variation in reinforcement architecture. Methods to capture experimentally and model numerically the fabric randomness are presented and illustrated on typical non-woven fabrics. An efficient numerical approach is presented for the simulation of mold filling process with random fibrous permeability as input. Numerical examples for different injection schemes are presented to demonstrate the ability of the current approach in predicting the variability in mold filling results.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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