Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Neutron Diffraction Studies of Residual Stresses Around Gouges and Gouged Dents

[+] Author Affiliations
Lynann Clapham, Vijay Babbar

Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Thomas Gnaeupel-Herold

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Washington, DC

Remi Batisse, Mures Zarea

GdF Suez, St. Denis, France

Paper No. IPC2012-90552, pp. 747-754; 8 pages
  • 2012 9th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 2: Pipeline Integrity Management
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 24–28, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute, Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4513-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


The residual stress pattern surrounding gouges is complex and, to date, has not been accurately modeled using stress modeling software. Thus measurement of these stress distributions is necessary. Neutron diffraction is the only experimental method with the capability of directly evaluating residual strain throughout the entire thickness of a pipe wall, in and around dent or gouged regions.

Neutron diffraction measurements were conducted at the NIST reactor on three gouged dents in X52 pipeline sections. These were part of a larger sample set examined as part of the comprehensive MD4-1 PRCI/DOT PHMSA project. Gouges contained in pipeline sections were termed BEA161 (primarily a gouge with little denting), and BEA178 (mild gouging, very large dent). Measurements were also conducted on a coupon sample – P22, that was created as part of an earlier study.

For the moderate gouges with little or no associated denting (BEA161 and P22) the residual stress field was highly localized around the immediate gouge vicinity (except where there was some denting present). The through wall stress distributions were similar at most locations — characterized by neutral or moderate hoop and axial stresses (50–100MPa) at the outer wall surface (i.e. at the gouge itself) gradually becoming highly compressive (up to −600MPa) at the inner wall surface. The other sample (BEA178) exhibited a very mild gouge with significant denting, and the results were very different. The denting process associated with this kind of gouge+dent dominated the residual stresses, making the residual stress distribution very complex. In addition, rather than having a residual stress field that is localized in the immediate gouge vicinity, the varying stress distribution extends to the edge of the dented region..

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In