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Integrity Assessment of API 5L X65 and X70 Pipelines With Mechanical Damages

[+] Author Affiliations
Kyu Jung Yeom, Yong Kwang Lee, Kyu Hwan Oh

Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea

Cheol Man Kim, Woo Sik Kim

KOGAS, R&D Center, Gyeonggi, South Korea

Paper No. IPC2012-90017, pp. 603-609; 7 pages
  • 2012 9th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 2: Pipeline Integrity Management
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 24–28, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute, Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4513-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


Gas pipelines with mechanical damages could affect the structural integrity and causes local stress and strain concentration. Failures in gas pipeline as leakages that could affect the supply of gas, loss of production, and environmental pollution. It is important to determine if pipelines are fitness-for-service. ASME B31G code is still widely used criterion although the assessment method is the conservative method. Further examinations are needed on the effects of material grade and pipeline shape on the burst pressure of damaged pipelines. The goal of this paper is to predict the failure pressure of mechanical damaged made of API X65 and X70 pipelines, by conducting full scale burst tests and finite element analysis (FEA). Different pipeline grades, effects of gouges, and dent depths were considered for an integrity assessment. The full scale burst tests were performed for pipelines with artificial mechanical damage. The gouge defect was made in a V-notch shape and the dented pipeline was generated using a ball shaped indenter that was pressed into the pipe. A three dimensional FEA was performed to obtain the burst pressure of a pipe with gouge and dent defects as a function of defect depth and length. A FEA was used to simulate the and externally damaged pipes under internal pressure. Failure pressure was predicted with stress based and strain based assessments by the finite element method (FEM).

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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