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Developing Cathodic Protection Based on Disbondment Geometry

[+] Author Affiliations
Karina Chevil, Abdoulmajid Eslami, Weixing Chen, Reg Eadie

University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Richard Kania

TransCanada Pipelines Ltd., Calgary, AB, Canada

Robert Worthingham

Worthingham Professional Services Inc., Calgary, AB, Canada

Greg Van Boven

Spectra Energy Transmission, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Paper No. IPC2012-90675, pp. 583-590; 8 pages
  • 2012 9th International Pipeline Conference
  • Volume 2: Pipeline Integrity Management
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 24–28, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute, Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4513-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


Coating disbondment on pipelines is a common phenomenon that leads to exposure of the pipeline metal to ground water solutions, promoting a corrosive environment which is associated with stress corrosion cracking (SCC). This investigation tracks the corrosion behavior of X-65 steel at different coating disbondments at Open Circuit Potential (OCP) conditions through weight loss tests, as well as SEM analysis. For the weight loss test, X-65 coupons were placed into a vertical coupon holder with varying gap sizes between the coupons and the shielding (2 mm 5 mm, and 10 mm) simulating the coating disbondment. The results of the tests suggest that the corrosion rate inside the gap is dependent on the mass transfer rate of CO2. For larger gaps, the corrosion rate inside the gap decreases almost linearly with position (highest at the top of the disbondment) and is dependent on the iron carbonate film deposition. For smaller gaps (≤5 mm) a galvanic effect was observed between the coupons at the top of the disbondment (anodic) which showed a high degree of general corrosion, and the coupons at the bottom of the disbondment (cathodic) which had very low corrosion rates. The experimental observations were related to the corrosion scenarios found in the field. Cathodic protection strategies with respect to the geometry of disbondment are also discussed.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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