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Review of Waste Energy Resource in Vehicle Engine Exhaust

[+] Author Affiliations
Gaosheng Fu, Lei Zuo, Jon P. Longtin

State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY

Paper No. HT2012-58455, pp. 381-387; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/HT2012-58455
From:
  • ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Theory and Fundamental Research; Aerospace Heat Transfer; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Environmental Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer
  • Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA, July 8–12, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4477-9
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Energy recovery from vehicle engine exhaust has attracted considerable interest recently. Key parameters associated with the engine exhaust, including temperature, mass flow rate, maximum extractable energy, and optimum location for energy extraction all factor strongly into the materials research and device design for waste heat recovery. This review paper compiles available data in literature on the vehicle engine exhaust resources for several different vehicles, and under various operational conditions. Three vehicles types, namely, mid-size sedans, light duty trucks, and heavy duty trucks, have been considered, and the driving cycles including Federal Test Procedure (FTP) series, Highway Fuel Economy Test (HFET) and New European Driving cycle (NEDC) are considered in this review. The results show the average temperatures at highway driving cycle and city driving cycle remain in the ∼500–650°C and ∼200–400 °C range, respectively. The mass flow rate varies significantly with vehicle size. The available thermal power calculated based on the collected data is 3–10 kW.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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