0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Characterization of Liquid Sheet Breakup Using Numerical Experiments

[+] Author Affiliations
Jarrod Sinclair, Sylvester Abanteriba

RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

Paper No. FEDSM2012-72414, pp. 809-814; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2012-72414
From:
  • ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA, July 8–12, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4475-5
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

For the plain orifice nozzle configuration, breakup mode analysis of the issuing liquid jet has been extensively, over the years, undertaken. The works of Rayleigh, Haenlein, Ohnesorge, Reitz and others have used an Ohnesorge-Reynolds chart to clearly characterize breakup into four distinct modes. These include: (1) Rayleigh, (2) first wind induced, (3) second wind induced, and (4) prompt atomization. Planar liquid sheet flows have not undergone such intensive characterization analysis. In this work a non-expanding (nor thinning) liquid sheet is injected into a quiescent volume of gas from a planar nozzle of constant opening height. The flow has no co-flowing gas stream nor air-assistance to drive the disintegration. The nozzle configuration and subsequent liquid primary breakup is somewhat similar to an outward opening fuel injector having an annular outlet with a large radius to needle lift height ratio.

The numerical experiments in this work use a high fidelity Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling approach. This includes the Volume-Of-Fluid (VOF) two-phase method to represent the liquid and gas fluids both considered to be incompressible, coupled with the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) treatment of turbulence modeling. The initial primary breakup of the liquid sheet into large droplets, ligaments and other structures is the main focus of the modeling. As such, secondary breakup and possible evaporation of the liquid is not considered. Due to the configuration of the planar nozzle, upstream cavitation of the liquid within the nozzle is also not considered.

Breakup studies were conducted within the Reynolds number range of 3,000 to 23,400, and Ohnesorge number range of 0.004 to 0.1. Results are extensively validated with the works of Heukelbach and Scholz. In-nozzle velocity profiles are characterized with Reynolds number showing laminar, semi- and fully-turbulent states in the flow boundary layer and core. Velocity profile relaxation is studied as the liquid sheet transitions from a wall-bounded flow within the nozzle to a free shear flow surrounded by gas. Particularly, the axial velocity component is seen to weaken, whilst the sheet normal velocity component strengthens and aids in disintegration of the liquid sheet.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In