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Numerical Analysis of Airfoils Used for Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
N. C. Uzarraga-Rodriguez, A. Gallegos-Muñoz, Maria T. Parra-Santos, Juan M. Belman-Flores

University of Guanajuato, Salamanca, GUA, Mexico

Paper No. ES2012-91113, pp. 1381-1390; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ES2012-91113
From:
  • ASME 2012 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2012 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 23–26, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4481-6
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

A numerical analysis of a three-bladed straight vertical axis wind turbine with NACA0015 airfoils-shaped is presented. The effect generated on the moment coefficient and power coefficient of the wind turbine rotor by the twist angle variation at the chord ends was analyzed. The configurations included the variation of blade twist angle of 15° and 30° located at 70%, 80% and 90% of chord length from leading end of the straight blade. The numerical study was developed in a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) using FLUENT®. This code allows to solve the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations and the transport equations of the turbulence quantities. The results show the aerodynamic performance for each configuration of the blade twist angle in the wind turbine, and are compared with data obtained from straight blade without twist angle. The wind turbine performance decrease about 67% as the blade twist angle increases, due to an increment in the drag force causing a negative moment against the rotation of vertical axis wind turbine. Also, the surface pressure distribution in a VAWT’s is presented.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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