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Experimental Investigation of Mixing in a T-Channel for Asymmetric Inlet Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Manjunath Basavarajappa, John Elsnab, Susan Thomas, Timothy A. Ameel

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Paper No. ICNMM2012-73277, pp. 489-499; 11 pages
  • ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels collocated with the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA, July 8–12, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division, Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4479-3
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


An experimental investigation of water flow in a rectangular T-channel with inner dimensions of 20 × 20 mm (inlet channel) and 20 × 40 mm (outlet mixing channel) has been conducted. The inlet Reynolds number Re, based on inlet hydraulic diameter, ranged from Re1 = 90 to 775. Inlet flow conditions were asymmetric, and inlet Re ratios of Re1/Re2 = 1.24, 1.65 and 2.45 were obtained by varying volumetric flow rate. Dynamical conditions and T-channel geometry are directly applicable to microscale mixing. Planar laser induced fluorescence (LIF) was used to characterize flow regimes and behaviors, including periodicity, in the inlet and outlet channels. Two distinct flow regimes were identified and characterized for asymmetric inlet Re. For low inlet Re, Re1 ≤ 150, and all Re1/Re2, flows were steady. For higher Re and all Re1/Re2, a jet flow regime, characterized by two counter rotating vortices and increasingly turbulent at higher Re dominated the flow in the junction. Qualitative mixing characteristics for all flow regimes, based on LIF visualizations in the outlet channel, are also presented.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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