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Deformation of White Blood Cells Firmly Adhered to Endothelium

[+] Author Affiliations
Alex C. Szatmary, Charles D. Eggleton

University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD

Rohan J. Banton

U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD

Paper No. SBC2012-80894, pp. 697-698; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2012-80894
From:
  • ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA, June 20–23, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4480-9
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Circulating white blood cells adhere to endothelium near an infection site; this occurs because infection causes ligands to be expressed on activated endothelium. Initially, a white blood cell rolls on the substrate, but eventually forms a firm adhesion, allowing it to crawl through the endothelial layer toward the infected tissue. A computational model of bond kinetics, cell deformability, and fluid dynamics was used to model the forces experienced by a cell during this process. The cell was modeled as a fluid-filled membrane; on its surface were hundreds of deformable microvilli—little fingers, ruffles in the white blood cell’s wrinkly membrane. These microvilli were deformable and their tips were decorated with PSGL-1 chemical receptors which bound to P-selectin ligands on the surface. Softer cells and cells subjected to higher fluid shear stress deformed more, and having more contact area, they formed more bonds and were able to resist more hydrodynamic load.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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