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Thin-Film PVDF Sensor Based Monitoring of Cutting Forces in Peripheral End Milling

[+] Author Affiliations
Lei Ma, Shreyes N. Melkote, John B. Morehouse

Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA

James B. Castle, James W. Fonda

The Boeing Company, St. Louis, MO

Melissa A. Johnson

The Boeing Company, Seattle, WA

Paper No. MSEC2012-7217, pp. 725-735; 11 pages
  • ASME 2012 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the 40th North American Manufacturing Research Conference and in participation with the International Conference on Tribology Materials and Processing
  • ASME 2012 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference
  • Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, June 4–8, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5499-0
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


A sensor module that integrates a thin film Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) piezoelectric strain sensor and an in situ data logging platform has been designed and implemented for monitoring of feed and transverse forces in the peripheral end milling process. The module, which is mounted on the tool shank, measures the dynamic strain(s) produced in the tool and logs the data into an on-board card for later retrieval. The close proximity between the signal source and the PVDF sensor(s) minimizes the attenuation and distortion of the signal along the transmitting path and provides high-fidelity signals. It also facilitates the employment of a first principles model based on Euler-Bernoulli beam theory and the constitutive equations of the piezoelectric sensor material to relate the in situ measured PVDF sensor signals to the feed and transverse forces acting on the tool. The PVDF sensor signals are found to compare well with the force signals measured by a platform type piezoelectric force dynamometer in peripheral end milling experiments.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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