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Scheduling of Machine Startup and Shutdown to Reduce Energy Consumption in Bernoulli Production Lines

[+] Author Affiliations
Guorong Chen, Liang Zhang

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Jorge Arinez, Stephan Biller

General Motor R&D Center, Warren, MI

Paper No. MSEC2012-7342, pp. 1125-1131; 7 pages
  • ASME 2012 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the 40th North American Manufacturing Research Conference and in participation with the International Conference on Tribology Materials and Processing
  • ASME 2012 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference
  • Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, June 4–8, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5499-0
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME and General Motors


Effective control of production operations usually leads to improved energy efficiency in manufacturing systems. In this paper, we investigate energy consumption reduction in production systems by scheduling of machine startup and shutdown. Specifically, we consider serial production lines with finite buffers and machines having Bernoulli reliability model. This machine reliability model is applicable in production situations, where the downtime is relatively short and comparable to machine cycle time (e.g., automotive paint shops and general assembly). Using transient analysis of the systems at hand, an analytical performance evaluation technique is developed for Bernoulli serial lines with time-dependent machine efficiencies. In addition, trade-off between productivity and energy-efficiency in production systems is discussed and the energy-efficient production problem is formulated as a constrained optimization problem. The effects and practical implications of operations schedule are demonstrated using a numerical study on automotive paint shop operations.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME and General Motors



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