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3D-CFD Lagrangian Spray Simulations for Large Two Stroke Marine Diesel Engines Compared With Experimental Data of a Spray Combustion Chamber

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Bolla, M. A. Cattin, Y. M. Wright, K. Boulouchos

ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

R. Schulz

Wärtsilä Switzerland Ltd., Winterthur, Switzerland

Paper No. ICES2012-81016, pp. 1-9; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ICES2012-81016
From:
  • ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Torino, Piemonte, Italy, May 6–9, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4466-3
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

The behavior of lagrangian spray models for the application in large two stroke marine engines is investigated. 3D-CFD simulations of a Spray Combustion Chamber (SCC) with a single hole (0.875 mm diameter) injector are presented and compared with experimental results. Shadow images of the spray under evaporating and non-evaporating conditions, with and without swirl flow and for different chamber pressures are available by means of which the simulation results are validated. A novel post processing methodology for 3D CFD spray simulations is introduced, which converts the numerical data into images which allows for a more rigorous quantitative comparison with the experimental data. Good agreement of the simulation results with the experiment is reported both in terms of spray penetration as well as concerning the evaporation of the fuel. Since the appropriate discretization of the large volumes typical of 2-stroke marine engines presents a substantial challenge, the influence of the grid resolution is investigated. In addition, the influence of fuel quality on the evolution of the spray morphology is assessed. For this purpose, simulations with heavy fuel oil (HFO) are compared with experiment.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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