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Critical Review of the Novel Applications and Uses of Nanofluids

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert Taylor, Gary Rosengarten

University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Sylvain Coulombe

McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada

Todd Otanicar

Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA

Patrick Phelan, Andrey Gunawan, Wei Lv, Ravi Prasher

Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ

Himanshu Tyagi

Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, PB, India

Paper No. MNHMT2012-75189, pp. 219-234; 16 pages
  • ASME 2012 Third International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer
  • ASME 2012 Third International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, March 3–6, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5477-8
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


Nanofluids — one simple product of the emerging world nanotechnology — where nanoparticles (nominally 1–100 nm in size) are mixed with conventional base fluids (water, oils, glycols, etc.). Nanofluids have seen enormous growth in popularity since they were proposed by Choi in 1995 [1]. In the year 2010 alone there were nearly 500 research articles where the term nanofluid was used in the title, showing rapid growth from 2000 (12) and 2005 (78). Much of the first decade of nanofluid research was focused on measuring and modeling fundamental thermophysical properties of nanofluids (thermal conductivity, density, viscosity, convection coefficients). Recent research, however, has started to highlight how nanofluids might perform in a wide variety of other applications. These applications range from their use in nanomedicine [2] to their use as solar energy harvesting media [3]. By analyzing the available body of research to date, this article presents trends of where nanofluid research is headed and suggests which applications may benefit the most from employing nanofluids. Overall, this review summarizes the novel applications and uses of nanofluids while setting the stage for future nanofluid use in industry.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Topics: Nanofluids



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