0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Dynamic Shear Stress Induced Platelet Activation in Blood Recirculation Devices: Implications for Thrombogenicity Minimization

[+] Author Affiliations
Gaurav Girdhar, Michalis Xenos, Yared Alemu, Thomas Claiborne, Jolyon Jesty, Shmuel Einav, Danny Bluestein

State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY

Jawaad Sheriff

Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY

Marvin Slepian

University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

Paper No. SBC2009-206353, pp. 231-232; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2009-206353
From:
  • ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Lake Tahoe, California, USA, June 17–21, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4891-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Implantable blood recirculation devices such as ventricular assist devices (VADs) and more recently the temporary total artificial heart (TAH-t) are promising bridge-to-transplant (BTT) solutions for patients with end-stage cardiovascular disease. However, blood flow in and around certain non-physiological geometries, mostly associated with pathological flow around mechanical heart valves (MHVs) of these devices, enhances shear stress-induced platelet activation, thereby significantly promoting flow induced thrombogenicity and subsequent complications such as stroke, despite a regimen of post-implant antithrombotic agents. Careful characterization of such localized high shear stress trajectories in these devices by numerical techniques and corresponding experimental measurements of their accentuated effects on platelet activation and sensitization, is therefore critical for effective design optimization of these devices (reducing the occurrence of pathological flow patterns formation) for minimizing thrombogenicity [1].

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In