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A Parametric Impact Study of the Geometry, Air System and Thermal Boundary Conditions on the Life of a Two-Stage High Pressure Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Thomas Weiss

Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG, Dahlewitz, Germany

Jose Maria Rey Villazón, Arnold Kühhorn

Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Cottbus, Germany

Paper No. GT2012-68453, pp. 373-382; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-68453
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4473-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd. & Co KG

abstract

High Pressure Turbine Discs of Aero Engines are classified as Critical Parts. Critical Parts are those whose failure is classified as likely to have hazardous or even catastrophic effects (e.g. damage to or loss of aircraft structure, injury/loss of the crew/passengers) and therefore require special control in order to achieve an acceptably low probability of individual failure. Even though special care is taken during the design and manufacturing process of these parts, there are still tolerances within their manufacturing route and during operation. Historically, Aero Engine parts were designed and laid out not to fail by using large safety factors to allow for scatter in different parameters. With the advent of high power computing, the time to conduct detailed thermo-mechanical assessments has drastically reduced and is therefore now open for Probabilistic Analytical Methods to determine the influence of parameter scatter on life and integrity.

This paper presents a parametric study of a typical two stage High Pressure Turbine (HPT) disc arrangement with a micro-turbine system, which feeds cooling air into the interstage cavity [1]. A series of automated studies were performed to determine the relevance of parameters, assess their sensitivity and evaluate their combined impact on the targets of the disc design process. The automated workflow couples a chain of programs that perform geometry manipulation, Finite-Element Thermo-Mechanical analysis simulation and life prediction. This process was used to assess parameter variations in the air system, thermal boundary conditions and the geometry of several turbine disc features. The resulting outputs of this study are the percentile impacts and correlations of each parameter on the life expectancy of the turbine discs. This provides a qualitative understanding of the relevance of each parameter when approaching the design of turbine discs.

Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd. & Co KG

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