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A Novel Optical Technique for Measuring the Coefficient of Restitution of Microparticle Impacts in a Forced Flowfield

[+] Author Affiliations
C. J. Reagle, J. M. Delimont, W. F. Ng, S. V. Ekkad

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

V. P. Rajendran

Rolls-Royce Corporation, Indianapolis, IN

Paper No. GT2012-68252, pp. 1-9; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4473-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce Corporation


Erosion and deposition in gas turbine engines are functions of particle/wall interactions and Coefficient of Restitution (COR) is a fundamental property of these interactions. COR depends on impact velocity, angle of impact, temperature, particle composition, and wall material. The current study attempts to characterize the fundamental behavior of sand at different impact angles. A PIV system is used in the Virginia Tech Aerothermal Rig to measure velocity trajectories of microparticles. A novel method is used that solves for impact velocity in a forced flowfield by numerical methods. Two sizes of Arizona Test Dust and one of Glass beads are impacted into a 304 Stainless Steel coupon. Free jet velocity is 27m/s at room temperature. Impact angle varies from almost 90 to 25 degrees depending on particle. Mean results compare favorably with trends established in literature. This utilization of this technique to measure COR of microparticle sand will help develop a computational model and serve as a baseline for further measurements at elevated, engine representative air and wall temperatures.

Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce Corporation
Topics: Microparticles



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