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Forced Response Analysis of a Transonic Fan

[+] Author Affiliations
Parthasarathy Vasanthakumar, Paul-Benjamin Ebel

DLR - German Aerospace Center, Goettingen, Germany

Paper No. GT2012-69867, pp. 1603-1608; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-69867
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4473-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

The forced response of turbomachinery blades is a primary source of high cycle fatigue (HCF) failure. This paper deals with the computational prediction of blade forced response of a transonic fan stage that consists of a highly loaded rotor along with a tandem stator. In the case of a transonic fan, the forced response of the rotor due to the downstream stator assumes significance because of the transonic flow field. The objective of the present work is to determine the forced response of the rotor induced as a result of the unsteady flow field due to the downstream stator vanes. Three dimensional, Navier-Stokes flow solver TRACE is used to numerically analyse the forced response of the fan. A total of 11 resonant crossings as identified in the Campbell diagram are examined and the corresponding modeshapes are obtained from finite element modal analysis. The interaction between fluid and structure is dealt with in a loosely coupled manner based on the assumption of linear aerodynamic damping. The aerodynamic forcing is obtained by a nonlinear unsteady Navier-Stokes computation and the aerodynamic damping is obtained by a time-linearized Navier-Stokes computation. The forced response solution is obtained by the energy method allowing calculations to be performed directly in physical space. Using the modal forcing and damping, the forced response amplitude can be directly computed at the resonance crossings. For forced response solution, the equilibrium amplitude is reached when the work done on the blade by the external forcing function is equal to the work done by the system damping (aerodynamic and structural) force. A comprehensive analysis of unsteady aerodynamic forces on the rotor blade surface as a result of forced response of a highly loaded transonic fan is carried out. In addition, the correspondence between the location of high stress zones identified from the finite element analysis and the regions of high modal force identified from the CFD analysis is also discussed.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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