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Unsteady Flow Analysis and Vibratory Stress Predictions for a High Work Single Stage Turbine Blade

[+] Author Affiliations
Kurt Weber, Girish Modgil, Steve Gegg, Shyam Neerarambam, Moujin Zhang

Rolls-Royce, Indianapolis, IN

Paper No. GT2012-69085, pp. 1495-1506; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-69085
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4473-1
  • Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce Corporation

abstract

The flow field in High-Work Single-Stage (HWSS) turbines differs from traditional turbine flow fields. Operating at increased pressure ratios, wakes and trailing edge shocks at the exit of the vane are more likely to cause a vibratory response in the rotating blade. This flow field can produce increased excitation at harmonics that correspond to the vane passing frequency and harmonics higher than the vane passing frequency. In this paper, blade vibratory stresses in a HWSS gas turbine stage are predicted using unsteady pressures from two Rolls-Royce in-house flow codes that employ different phase lagged unsteady approaches. Hydra uses a harmonic storage approach, and the Vane/Blade Interaction (VBI) code uses a direct storage approach. Harmonic storage reduces memory requirements considerably. The predicted stress for four modes at two engine speeds are presented and are compared with rig test strain gauge data to assess and validate the predictive capability of the codes for forced response. Strain gauge data showed the need to consider harmonics higher than the fundamental vane passing frequency for the max power shaft speed and operating at the conditions. Because of this, it was a good case for validation and for comparing the two codes. Overall, it was found that, stress predictions using the Hydra flow code compare better with data. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is a first in comparing two different phase lagged unsteady approaches, in the context of forced response, to engine rig data for a High-Work Single Stage turbine.

Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce Corporation

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