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Development of an Internally Cooled Centrifugal Compressor for Carbon Capture and Storage Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Jeffrey Moore, Andrew Lerche, Timothy Allison, Brian Moreland

Southwest Research Institute®, San Antonio, TX

Jorge Pacheco

Dresser-Rand, Olean, NY

Paper No. GT2012-69911, pp. 997-1006; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Marine; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4471-7
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


In order to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere, significant progress has been made into capturing and storing CO2 from power plants and other major producers of greenhouse gas emissions. The compression of the captured carbon dioxide stream requires significant amounts of power and can impact plant availability, and increase operational costs. Preliminary analysis has estimated that the CO2 compression process reduces plant efficiency by 8% to 12% for a typical power plant. This project supports the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) objective of reducing energy requirements for carbon capture and storage in electrical power production. The primary objective of this study is to boost the pressure of CO2 to pipeline pressures with the minimal amount of energy required. Previous thermodynamic analysis identified optimum processes for pressure rise in both liquid and gaseous states. Isothermal compression is well known to reduce the power requirements by minimizing the temperature of the gas entering subsequent stages. Intercooling is typically accomplished using external gas coolers and integrally geared compressors. For large scale compression, use of straight through centrifugal compressors, similar to those used in oil and gas applications including LNG production, is preferred due to the robustness of the design. However, intercooling between each stage is not feasible. The current research develops an internally cooled compressor diaphragm that removes heat internal to the compressor. Results documenting the design process are presented including 3D conjugate heat transfer CFD studies. Experimental demonstration of the design is performed on a sub scale centrifugal compressor closed loop test facility for a range of suction pressures.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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