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Rotating Flow and Heat Transfer in Cylindrical Cavities With Radial Inflow

[+] Author Affiliations
B. G. Vinod Kumar, John W. Chew, Nicholas J. Hills

University of Surrey, Guildford, UK

Paper No. GT2012-68770, pp. 2047-2060; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-68770
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4470-0
  • Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce plc

abstract

Design and optimization of an efficient internal air system of a gas turbine requires thorough understanding of the flow and heat transfer in rotating disc cavities. The present study is devoted to numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer in a cylindrical cavity with radial inflow and comparison with the available experimental data. The simulations are carried out with axi-symmetric and 3-D sector models for various inlet swirl and rotational Reynolds numbers upto 2.1×106. The pressure coefficients and Nusselt numbers are compared with the available experimental data and integral method solutions. Two popular eddy viscosity models, the Spalart-Allmaras and the k-ε, and a Reynolds stress model have been used. For cases with particularly strong vortex behaviour the eddy viscosity models show some shortcomings with the Spalart-Allmaras model giving slightly better results than the k-ε model. Use of the Reynolds stress model improved the agreement with measurements for such cases. The integral method results are also found to agree well with the measurements.

Copyright © 2012 by Rolls-Royce plc

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