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Stall Control and Recovery in a Low-Speed Axial Fan Through the Use of Variable Pitch in Motion Blades

[+] Author Affiliations
Stefano Bianchi, Alessandro Corsini

Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Anthony G. Sheard

Fläkt Woods Limited, Colchester, Essex, UK

Paper No. GT2012-69042, pp. 705-716; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Cycle Innovations; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4469-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


Stall induced vibrations place fundamental limitations on a fan stage performance and remains a persistent problem in the development of axial compressor and fan stages. Rotating stall is purely a fluid mechanic instability, whilst blade flutter, stall and surge flutter, and their variants, are aeroelastic instabilities that involve coupled fluid-structure interaction. Stall oscillation frequency lays in a relatively low-frequency band (less than 0.7–0.5 shaft frequency), whilst mild surge oscillation frequency occurs usually in a much lower-order of frequency (typically <0.25–0.30) in high solidity industrial power fans. These mild surge oscillations can couple with fan blade aeroelastic modes. A loss in efficiency and high aeroelastic blade vibrations characterises fan performance in stall that can significantly increase stress levels in the blade.

In this paper, the authors conducted an experimental study to investigate rotating stall recovery patterns in a high solidity axial power fan using different strategies. The authors drove the fan to stall at the design stagger-angle setting and then: i) operated a variable pitch mechanism in order to recover the unstable operation or ii) recover from stall by increasing rotational speed. In both cases the recovery patterns entails the modification of the operating point of the fan along the throttle line of the system. They measured pressure fluctuations in the fan tip region using flush-mounted probes. The authors studied the flow mechanisms for the stall recovery associated with the two proposed methods. They cross-correlated pressure fluctuations and analysed cross-spectra in order to clarify the influence of blade pitch, end-wall flow, rotational speed and tip-leakage flow on stall recovery.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Topics: Blades



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