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Sirocco Fan Design for Residential Ventilation Through Multi-Objective Optimization to Enhance Aerodynamic Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Jin-Hyuk Kim, Kyung-Hun Cha, Kwang-Yong Kim

Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea

Paper No. GT2012-68528, pp. 695-703; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Cycle Innovations; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4469-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME


A multi-objective optimization of a sirocco fan for residential ventilation has been carried out in the present work. A hybrid multi-objective evolutionary algorithm combined with response surface approximation is applied to optimize the total-to-total efficiency and total pressure rise of the sirocco fan for residential ventilation. Three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations with the shear stress transport turbulence model are discretized by finite volume method and solved on hexahedral grids for the flow analysis. Numerical results are validated with the experimental data for the total-to-total efficiency and total pressure. The total-to-total efficiency and total pressure rise of the sirocco fan are used as objective functions for the optimization. In order to improve the total-to-total efficiency and total pressure rise of the sirocco fan, four variables defining the scroll cut-off angle, scroll diffuser expansion angle, hub ratio and the blade exit angle, respectively, are selected as the design variables in this study. Latin-hypercube sampling as design-of-experiments is used to generate the design points within the design space. A fast non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm with an ε–constraint strategy for the local search is applied to determine the global Pareto-optimal solutions. The trade-off between two objectives is determined and discussed with respect to the representative clustered optimal solutions in the Pareto-optimal solutions compared to the reference shape.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME



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