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Evaluation of Design Performance of the Semi-Closed Oxy-Fuel Combustion Combined Cycle

[+] Author Affiliations
H. J. Yang, D. W. Kang, J. H. Ahn

Graduate School, Inha University, Incheon, Korea

T. S. Kim

Inha University, Incheon, Korea

Paper No. GT2012-69141, pp. 227-238; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-69141
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Cycle Innovations; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4469-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

This study aims to present various design aspects and realizable performance of the natural gas fired semi-closed oxy-fuel combustion combined cycle (SCOC-CC). Design parameters of the cycle are set up on the basis of component technologies of today’s state-of-the-art gas turbines with a turbine inlet temperature between 1400°C and 1600°C. The most important part in the cycle analysis is the turbine cooling which affects the cycle performance considerably. A thermodynamic cooling model is introduced to predict the reasonable amount of turbine coolant to maintain the turbine blade temperature of the SCOC-CC at the levels of those of conventional gas turbines. Optimal pressure ratio ranges of the SCOC-CC for two different turbine inlet temperature levels are searched. The performance penalty due to the CO2 capture is examined. Also investigated are the influences of the purity of oxygen provided by the air separation unit on the cycle performance. A comparison with the conventional combined cycle adopting a post-combustion CO2 capture is carried out taking into account the relationship between performance and CO2 capture rate.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Fuels , Design , Cycles

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