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A Numerical Study Into the Effects of Bio-Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosine Blends With Jet-A Fuel for Civil Aircraft Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Nurul Musfirah Mazlan, Mark Savill, Timos Kipouros, Yi-Guang Li

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK

Paper No. GT2012-68754, pp. 165-173; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-68754
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Cycle Innovations; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4469-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Growing concerns regarding fluctuating fuel costs and pollution targets for gas emissions, have led the aviation industry to seek alternative technologies to reduce its dependency on crude oil, and its net emissions. Recently blends of bio-fuel with kerosine, have become an alternative solution as they offer “greener” aircraft and reduce demand on crude oil. Interestingly, this technique is able to be implemented in current aircraft as it does not require any modification to the engine. Therefore, the present study investigates the effect of blends of bio-synthetic paraffinic kerosine with Jet-A in a civil aircraft engine, focusing on its performance and exhaust emissions. Two bio-fuels are considered: Jatropha Bio-synthetic Paraffinic Kerosine (JSPK) and Camelina Bio-synthetic Paraffinic Kerosine (CSPK); there are evaluated as pure fuels, and as 10% and 50% blend with Jet-A. Results obtained show improvement in thrust, fuel flow and SFC as composition of bio-fuel in the blend increases. At design point condition, results on engine emissions show reduction in NOx, and CO, but increases of CO is observed at fixed fuel condition, as the composition of bio-fuel in the mixture increases.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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