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The Potential of GT Combined Cycles for Ultra High Efficiency

[+] Author Affiliations
Hans E. Wettstein

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2012-68586, pp. 133-142; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-68586
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Cycle Innovations; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4469-4
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Gas turbine combined cycles (GTCC) using a steam bottoming cycle are a widely used technology for electric power generation. From [1] it is known that the best current large GTCC’s loose around 25% of the fuel exergy just by combusting the fuel while all other exergy losses sum up to around 15%. For the net efficiency of such plants 60% is remaining. This paper shows thermodynamic calculation results of GTCC’s with variable pressure ratio and turbine inlet temperature (TIT) aimed at understanding the efficiency potential associated with further increases of the TIT thus reducing the exergy loss by combustion. The assumptions of these calculations correspond to published industrial experience and standard assumptions in two different scenarios. The results are curves showing net efficiency and specific power as functions of TIT. Other data like the related pressure ratio and compressor exit temperature are shown too. The conclusion shows that a net efficiency of 63…65% is feasible with a hot gas temperature of around 1750°C based on the two scenarios. The winning cycle arrangement uses an adiabatic compressor. A GTCC with GT-compressor having one intercooling stage is clearly less favorable in several respects.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Topics: Cycles

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