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Influence of Ambient Conditions on Laminar Burning Velocity, Ignition and Flame Extinction for Ethanol-Air Mixtures

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel de la Rosa, Andrew P. Crayford, Philip J. Bowen

Cardiff University, Wales, UK

Agustin Valera-Medina

Centro de Tecnología Avanzada, CIATEQ A.C., Querétaro, QUE, México

Paper No. GT2012-68399, pp. 273-283; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2012-68399
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B
  • Copenhagen, Denmark, June 11–15, 2012
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4468-7
  • Copyright © 2012 by ASME

abstract

Experimental studies of laminar ethanol - air gaseous flames have been undertaken in a large (34 l) cylindrical constant volume combustion bomb to investigate combustion fundamentals at varying ambient conditions. This vessel has been designed to minimise the influence of boundary walls, hence extending the quasi steady pressure region over which meaningful data may be obtained. Gaseous homogeneous mixtures are achieved by injecting liquid ethanol into the bomb which pre-vaporises prior to ignition. Initial pressure and equivalence ratio are predetermined using partial pressure methodology. Flame propagation is recorded utilising high-speed Schlieren photography, and low ignition energies were achieved via a variable discharge system enabling the sensitive early stages of flame propagation and extinction limits to be studied. Data is presented in terms of flame speed against stretch rate from which Markstein lengths and laminar burning velocities are derived for a variety of different initial conditions. The effect of ignition energy, initial pressure (from sub-atmospheric to elevated pressure) along with the effect of increasing initial temperature is studied. Results are discussed in terms of those of previous workers, and compared with predictions from detailed chemical kinetic schemes. Nonlinear trends witnessed during early stage flame propagation are further investigated as a suitable method for deriving extinction stretch rate.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME

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