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Personal Watercraft: Action/Reaction Hazards

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrew H. Tudor

Meridian One Consulting Engineers

Paper No. IMECE2004-59221, pp. 11-18; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Engineering/Technology Management: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis Division, Technology and Society Division, and Management Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4720-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


Personal watercraft (PWC) are small, light, high-horsepower boats. They are quite capable of injuring their occupants. This condition is exacerbated by the levels of acceleration these machines achieve under normal operating conditions, their unique operating characteristics, the design of the controls, operator/passenger configurations, seat and handhold designs and regulations. This paper explores the ergonomic design package, machine and boat design, injury patterns, safety hazards, regulations and some other issues that surround the PWC.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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