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Design and Numerical Investigation of Advanced Radial Inlet for a Centrifugal Compressor Stage

[+] Author Affiliations
Yunbae Kim, Jay Koch

Dresser-Rand Company

Paper No. IMECE2004-60538, pp. 127-139; 13 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Process Industries
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Process Industries Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4717-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The performance of a centrifugal compressor stage can be seriously affected by inlet flow distortions due to an unsatisfactory inlet configuration and the resulting flow structure. In this study, two radial inlets were designed for a centrifugal compressor stage and investigated numerically using a commercially available 3D viscous Navier-Stokes code. The intent of the design was to minimize the total pressure loss across the inlet while distributing the flow as equally and uniformly as possible to the impeller inlet. For each inlet model, the aerodynamic performance was calculated from the simulation results and then the results from both models were evaluated and compared. The second radial inlet design outperformed the initial design in terms of total pressure loss, flow distortion and uniformity at the impeller inlet. Furthermore, the aerodynamic performance of the second radial inlet was insensitive to a wide range of mass flow rates compared to the initial design due to the distinctive geometric features implemented for the second inlet design.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Compressors , Design



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