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Investigation and Development of Proposed General Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer Correlations for Laminar Flow in a Toroidal Coiled Tube System

[+] Author Affiliations
Anthony J. Bowman, Hyunjae Park

Marquette University

Paper No. IMECE2004-59872, pp. 1-10; 10 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Process Industries
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Process Industries Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4717-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


In this paper, the laminar flow pressure drop and heat transfer correlations published and applied to plain, coiled tube heat exchanger systems are extensively investigated. It was found that most correlations obtained for toroidal geometric systems have been applied to the analysis of helical and spiral tube systems. While toroidal (and helical) coils have a constant radius of curvature about the coil center-point (and center-line), spiral coils have a continuously varying radius of curvature, in which the flow does not reach a typical fully developed flow condition. The centrifugal forces, arising from the curved flow path, contribute to the enhancement of heat transfer (at the cost of additional pressure drop) over straight tube heat exchangers of the same length. In this paper, using published correlations and available experimental test data for pressure drop and heat transfer in toroidal tube systems, the proposed general correlations are developed by using a filtered-mean multiple regression method. The Coiling Influence Factors for the friction factor and heat transfer, CIFf and CIFh , respectively; defined and used in the authors’ previous works [1,2,3] it was found that the deviations between the proposed and published correlations are within about 3% for friction factor and 5–20% for heat transfer, depending on working fluid. In order to assess the validity of applying the generalized correlations developed in this work for toroidal tube systems, onto other curved tube systems, a numerical analysis of toroidal coil systems, using the commercially available CFD package (Fluent 6) has been explicitly performed. A comparison is made between the CFD result for average heat transfer (CIFh ) with that predicted by the proposed general correlation for toroidal coils and available experimental data. As an extension of this work, a comparison of curved tube over straight tube heat exchanger effectiveness is made to highlight its use as a design optimization parameter and motivation for additional coiled tube heat exchanger research.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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