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Amplitude-Limiting Feedback Control of Combustion Instability With a High-Momentum Air Jet

[+] Author Affiliations
Jong Ho Uhm, Sumanta Acharya

Louisiana State University

Paper No. IMECE2004-60568, pp. 21-29; 9 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Noise Control and Acoustics
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Noise Control and Acoustics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4715-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A new strategy that integrates low-frequency modulation of a high-momentum air-jet with amplitude feedback is presented for control of combustion oscillations in a swirl-stabilized spray combustor. The oscillations in the combustor of interest are dominated by an acoustic mode (235 Hz) with a low frequency (13 Hz) bulk-mode (of the upstream cavity) superimposed. An effective strategy for control is shown to be achieved through the use of a concept which utilizes low bandwidth modulation of a high-momentum air-jet that penetrates into the regions of positive Rayleigh index. It is shown that with a low frequency modulation (5 Hz) of the high momentum air-jet, the pressure oscillations can be reduced significantly (by a factor of nearly 6). Further improvement in control is achieved with an amplitude-limiting feedback strategy, in which, the valve opening and closing of the control air-jet is driven by the pressure amplitude relative to a specified threshold. The goal of the controller is to maintain pressure oscillations below the pre-set threshold level. With this strategy, the valve frequency and duty cycle are automatically adjusted based on the amplitude of the pressure signal. It is observed that modulation frequencies are typically in the range of 5–30 Hz (although higher frequencies, as high as 130 Hz, are needed occasionally). Duty cycles less than 50% are required for effective control. The amplitude-limiting feedback controller is shown to combine the benefits of low-bandwidth actuation, low-duty cycles, and greater reductions in pressure oscillations.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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