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Elastic-Plastic Partial Slip Rolling Wheel-Rail Contact With an Oblique Rail Crack

[+] Author Affiliations
Yung-Chuan Chen

National Pingtung University of Science and Technology

Jao-Hwa Kuang

National Sun Yat-Sen University

Paper No. IMECE2004-59379, pp. 371-378; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Applied Mechanics
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4702-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The effect of rail surface crack on the wheel-rail contact pressure distribution under partial slip rolling was studied in this work. The elastic-plastic finite element model was employed for stress analyses. The numerical simulations were used to explore the effects of the contact distances and tractive force on the normal and tangential contact pressure distributions, tip plastic energy and critical wheel applied load. Contact elements were used to simulate the interaction between wheel and rail and crack surfaces. Numerical results indicate that the contact pressure distributions are significantly affected by the rail crack. Traditional contact theories are not available to describe the contact pressure distribution on the contact crack surfaces. Results also indicate that a higher friction force on the contact crack surfaces is observed for wheel subjected a larger tractive force. A larger crack surfaces friction force can reduce the sliding between crack surfaces and leads to a smaller tip plastic energy.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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