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Chaotic Oscillations of a Post-Buckled Beam Constrained by an Axial Spring: Part 1 — Experiment

[+] Author Affiliations
Ken-ichi Nagai, Shinichi Maruyama, Takao Yamaguchi

Gunma University

Kazuya Sakaimoto

Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd.

Paper No. IMECE2004-61352, pp. 263-271; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2004-61352
From:
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Applied Mechanics
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4702-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

Experimental results are presented on chaotic oscillations of a post-buckled beam subjected to periodic lateral acceleration. A thin steel beam of thickness 0.198mm, breath 12.7 mm and length 106mm is used as a test beam. Both ends of the beam are clamped and one end is connected to an axial spring. First, natural frequencies of the beam are measured under an axial compression. Under the post-buckled configuration of the beam, characteristics of static deflection by a concentrated load on the beam are obtained. The post-buckled beam shows the soften-and-hardening characteristics of restoring force. The frequency regions of chaotic responses are inspected. The chaotic responses around these domains are examined carefully by time histories, the Poincaré maps, the Fourier spectra, the maximum Lyapunov exponents and the principal component analysis. The predominant chaotic responses of the beam are generated by the jump phenomena. The chaotic responses are related to the sub-harmonic resonances of 1/2 and 1/3 orders with the lowest mode of vibration. The maximum Lyapunov exponent of the former chaotic response of 1/2 order is larger than that of the latter chaotic response of 1/3 order. Onsets of the chaotic responses are also confirmed by the Poincaré projection in the variation of exciting frequency.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Oscillations , Springs

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