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Graphite Intercalation Compounds as Actuation Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Cameron Massey, Geoffrey McKnight, Ping Liu, William Barvosa-Carter

HRL Laboratories, LLC

Paper No. IMECE2004-61155, pp. 117-122; 6 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Aerospace
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4700-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The intrinsic electrochemical behavior of Graphite Intercalated Compounds (GICs) during formation offers the potential for high-force, high-strain solid-state actuation applications. To explore this behavior we submitted a “model” system, highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG)/sulfuric acid (H2 SO4 ), to axial compressive loads from 0 to 8 MPa, and measured the intercalation response in terms of voltage and displacement. We observed strains greater than 30% between 2 and 6 MPa, confirming the potential of GIC formation as a viable actuating mechanism. Further studies are planned in order to perform more precise analysis and examine alternate GICs.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Graphite



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