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A Study of the Mechanical Designer’s Strategies and Tactics During the Later Phases of the Engineering Design Process

[+] Author Affiliations
Damien Motte, Per-Erik Andersson, Robert Bjärnemo

Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Paper No. DETC2004-57443, pp. 315-324; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2004-57443
From:
  • ASME 2004 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 3a: 16th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology
  • Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, September 28–October 2, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4696-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3742-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents the results of an explorative study on the strategies and tactics applied by the mechanical designer during the later phases of the design process. The method chosen for this study is experiment-based, which is appropriate for an in-depth examination of the designer’s activities. Six experiments have been run based on three dimensions: 1) the carrying out of basic design tasks consisting of the designer’s strategies and tactics; 2) use of rules, principles and guidelines; and 3) consideration of additional factors. The analysis of the experiments is based on the verbal protocol analysis method. Although the designers individually showed different approaches, the strategies adopted by the experts presented a similar pattern. Some powerful tactics but also some weaknesses have been identified: the experts reasoned very early in the process in terms of concrete parts and components and thus rapidly solved interface problems; on the other hand, the evaluation and check activities were often considered as secondary.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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