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A Simple Model for Fluid Flow and Particle Motion Inside the Human Larynx

[+] Author Affiliations
C. Ersahin, I. B. Celik, I. Yavuz, J. Li, G. Hu

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

O. C. Elci

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morgantown, WV

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56137, pp. 675-683; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/HT-FED2004-56137
From:
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 4
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4693-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME

abstract

This study aims to develop a simple and quick, but sufficiently accurate solution method for calculating the air flow and tracking the particles in a complex tubular system, where the flow changes its magnitude and direction in a periodic manner. The flow field is assumed to be quasi-two-dimensional and a pressure-correction method is employed to calculate the spetio-temporal variation of the air velocity inside the larynx. Then, the calculated one-dimensional flow distribution is used to reconstruct a two-dimensional flow field is constructed based on the average velocity along the axial direction. The system geometry is taken as close as possible to the actual larynx for an average person with an average glottis opening. For the current study the walls of the larynx is approximated as rigid walls, but different ways to account for compliant walls are proposed within the context of the one-dimensional mode. The 1-D transient model is validated against a two-dimensional model using a verified commercial code. Particles are introduced into the system and tracked during every time fraction of the respiratory cycle. Then, the histograms of particles that come into contact with the larynx are calculated, and regions with a higher probability for particle deposition are identified.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME

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