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Numerical Simulation of Fires in Ventilated Compartment

[+] Author Affiliations
Ramiz Kameel

CEB-Consulting Engineering Bureau, Cairo, Egypt

Essam E. Khalil

Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56047, pp. 29-36; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 4
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4693-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


This study is the analytical investigation of transient flow characteristics in a ventilated compartment fire. This study aims at enhancing the understanding of fire propagation in the compartment and its influence on the air flow characteristics. The present paper discusses the results of different ventilation scenarios for a single fire scenario. It is recommended to use the smoke extract fans in designated locations in the spaces that could be exposed to the fire hazards. Corridor smoke extract fan provides the safe escape for the occupancy. Quantitative parametric studies are carried out for various situations, to enhance our knowledge about the fire behavior. The critical time for the safe escaping of occupancy from the fire starting is discussed in the present work. Also, it is found that, the fire field models based on CFD are useful tools that can greatly support this target.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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