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CFD Simulation and Experimental Validation of Solidification of Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) in the Presence of Cooled Fibers

[+] Author Affiliations
R. S. Amano, J. Xie, E. K. Lee, P. K. Rohatgi

University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee

Paper No. IMECE2004-60290, pp. 469-474; 6 pages
  • ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 3
  • Anaheim, California, USA, November 13 – 19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4711-X | eISBN: 0-7918-4178-2, 0-7918-4179-0, 0-7918-4180-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


A new experimental configuration for the casting of metal matrix composites (MMCs) using Al-4.5 wt pct Cu have been used to obtain finer microstructures around the fiber reinforcement. The new configuration allows the fibers to be extended out the mold and cooled by a heat sink. By doing so, the solidification can be made more rapid, and more primary alpha-aluminum phase can be formed on the surface of the fibers. It is believed that this can lead to improvement in the properties of the composite. CFD simulation of the solidification of Al-4.5 wt pct Cu in the casting process has been carried out by using commercial CFD code. Parametric studies on the effects of different processing parameters on solidification time have been simulated using the CFD code. These parameters include, but are not limited to, the pouring temperature of the liquid melt, sink temperature, fiber length extended out of the mold, the mold initial temperature, fiber conductivity, applied pressure, and fiber bundle diameter. Selected simulation results are compared with the available experimental data obtained from the UWM Center for Composites.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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