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Numerical Calculation of Wall Pressure Fluctuations in a Centrifugal Fan

[+] Author Affiliations
Sandra Velarde-Suárez, Rafael Ballesteros-Tajadura, Juan Pablo Hurtado-Cruz, Carlos Santolaria-Morros

Universidad de Oviedo, Gijón, Asturias, Spain

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56848, pp. 1307-1314; 8 pages
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 2, Parts A and B
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4691-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


In this work, a numerical code has been applied in order to obtain the wall pressure fluctuations at the volute of an industrial centrifugal fan. The numerical results have been contrasted using previous experimental investigations carried out in the same machine. A three-dimensional numerical simulation of the complete unsteady flow on the whole impeller-volute configuration has been carried out using the computational fluid dynamics code FLUENT®. This code has been employed to calculate the time-dependent pressure both in the impeller and in the volute. In this way, the pressure fluctuations in some locations over the volute wall have been obtained. The power spectra of these fluctuations have been calculated, showing an important peak at the blade passing frequency. The amplitude of this peak presents the highest values near the volute tongue, but the spatial pattern over the volute extension is different depending on the operating conditions. The code has successfully simulated the volute pressure fluctuations due to the aerodynamic field, capturing the main flow phenomena such as the jet-wake effects and the impeller-volute interaction.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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