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Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Fire-Induced Air Flow in a Large Space Building: Key Points to Note

[+] Author Affiliations
Y. F. Li

Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China

W. K. Chow

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China

Paper No. HT-FED2004-56656, pp. 1163-1169; 7 pages
  • ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
  • Volume 2, Parts A and B
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, July 11–15, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4691-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3740-8
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


Fire-induced air flow in a large span building by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) will be discussed in this paper. The CFD model is based on Reynolds Averaging Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with k-ε based turbulence model for predicting velocity, pressure and temperature distribution. This technique is commonly used in practical design for smoke management system. The fire is taken as a volumetric heat source and buoyancy effects are included in equations for the vertical momentum and turbulent parameters. Several key points to note in the simulation will be discussed. These are: • Relaxation factor and convergence criteria. • False diffusion. • Sudden changes in flow parameters across the heat source. A large terminal hall with 1 MW fire is taken as an example to discuss the above points. The fire scenarios in a region of interest will be assessed by CFD.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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